1.“From a long time, still now the left wing extremism pose a serious threat to country’s internal security”. In this context, discuss about the various measures taken by government to combat left wing extremism in the country. (02.09.2017)
India is the largest democracy in the world. However, Left Wing Extremism desires to weaken and make the roots of democracy hollow.The fight against Left Wing Extremism is a coordinated battle on security and development fronts.
Measures taken by government:
It is necessary for States to work on a coordinated strategy of security and development so that the confidence of the public in the democratic process is maintained in the LWE affected areas.
- Road Connectivity Project for LWE Affected Areas Scheme.
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana youth of LWE districts will receive skill training for self-employment.
- Skill Development Scheme is being implemented for the purpose of establishing Skill Centers for training the youth of LWE affected districts.
- The Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) is being implemented for the electrification of un-electrified villages in the entire country. For the LWE districts special focus is being given under this scheme.
- To improve Rail Connectivity a number of projects have been sanctioned.
- SAMADHAN strategy.
In the fight against left-wing extremism, there is a need to have much greater coordination of responses and resources between the Central and State forces.
2.“It is stated that cyber security is becoming more and more relevant in the minds of countries’ decision makers in recent days”. With reference to above statement, bring out the challenges and measures taken by India in dealing with cyber security.(03.09.2017)
Cyber security or IT security, is the protection of computer systems from the theft or damage to their hardware, software or information, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. The importance of cyber security has increased because of growing importance due to the increasing reliance on computer systems and the Internet, wireless networks such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, and the growth of smart devices, including smartphones, televisions and tiny devices as part of the Internet of Things.
Challenges faced by India:
- India remains vulnerable to digital intrusions such as cyber-espionage, cybercrime, digital disruption.
- With the growing adoption of the Internet and smart-phones, India has emerged as one of the favourite countries among cyber criminals.
- Major security threat: Critical infrastructure: Attackers can gain control of vital systems such as nuclear plants, railways, transportation or hospitals that can subsequently lead to dire consequences.
- Lack of coordination among different government agencies.
- National cyber security policy
- All organisations having a significant IT infrastructure will need to appoint cyber security officers
- CERT-In is being strengthened
- National cyber coordination center is being set up to provide near real time situational awareness and rapid response .
3.“Despite the fact that our internal security problems are far more complex, we are not in a position to codify the country’s internal security doctrine”. In this context, suggest measures to strengthen India’s internal security.( 04.09.2017)
Internal security, or IS, is the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories. Generally by upholding the national law and defending against internal security threats. Responsibility for internal security may range from police to paramilitary forces.
Measures to strengthen internal security:
The internal security situation of the country has not shown any marked improvement in recent days.
- The improvement of police stations in one hand will improve the prevention and detection of crime and other hands improve citizens’ interface with the police and it will improve internal security.
- We need to completely take a fresh look.It will be very difficult for India to rapidly grow unless and until the police do not act as a major agent of social change.
- Induct proved experts in terrorism and counter-terrorism from the Intelligence Bureau, the state police and the Army into the R&AW at senior levels.
- Have a common database on terrorism shared by the IB and the R&AW directly accessible by authorised officers of the two bodies.
- Make the multi-disciplinary centre of the IB function as it was meant to function when it was created — as a centre for the continuous identification of gaps and deficiencies in the available intelligence and for removing them and for effective follow-up action.
- Revive the covert action capability of the R&AW and strengthen it. Its charter should make it clear that it will operate only in foreign territory and not in Indian territory.
- There is an urgent need for augmenting the police manpower, because due to shortage of staff, it becomes difficult to act during an emergency
- Bureaucratic hurdles, red-tapism and delays in taking decision have invariably delayed modernisation in India’s security forces.It should be improved.